Most people know on how to install windows server using VMWare Workstation. But not all know on how to configure the “Shared Storage” to store Quorum drive (Q:\) and Data (S:\) when they try setting up Windows Clustering. Following are the step, it’s may help. I’ve done it!
1) Create a new guest virtual machine with the following settings or higher:
HDD0: SCSI, 4 GB
Ethernet 1: Bridged
Ethernet 2: Host-only
2) Install a fresh copy of Windows Server 2003 Enterprise Edition.
3) Install the latest Windows Updates and Service Packs & VMware Tools.
4) Make the following configuration changes on the Guest virtual machine:
- Rename the Host-only adapter: Heartbeat
- Unbind Client for Microsoft Networks and File and Printer Sharing for Microsoft Networks from this adapter
- Disable NetBIOS over TCP/IP and LMHOSTS lookup on this adapter
- Rename the Bridged connection: Public
5) Create a clone machine from the above Guest. You should now have two Guest Virtual Machines:
Cluster Node A; and
Cluster Node B.
Notes: Don’t forget to change the computer name and IP address accordingly to new cloned virtual machines.
7) Edit the settings of Cluster Node A and create two new SCSI hard disks into a new folder. Do not use an existing folder in which one of the VMs resides.
Disk 1: This will be the quorum disk. Make this 0.5 GB or higher and allocate all disk space now.
Disk 2: This will be the shared data disk. Make this at least 2.0 GB or higher and allocate all disk space now.
8) Close VMware Workstation and edit the VMware Configuration File (.VMX) file for this machine and make the following changes:
Add the following lines to create a second SCSI channel:
scsi1.present = “TRUE”
scsi1.virtualDev = “lsilogic”
Modify the additional hard drives to be attached to the new SCSI channel. Example:
scsi1:1.present = “TRUE”
scsi1:1.fileName = “C:\Cluster\Shared_Storage\Quorum.vmdk”
scsi1:2.present = “TRUE”
scsi1:2.fileName = “C:\Cluster\Shared_Storage\Data.vmdk”
Add the following lines to disable disk locking and caching:
disk.locking = “false”
diskLib.dataCacheMaxSize = “0”
9) Add the same lines to the VMware Configuration (.VMX) of Cluster Node B.
10) Start VMware Workstation and start Cluster Node A. Configure the new disks as Basic disks, format them with NTFS and assign drive letters. Example:
Q:\ – Quorum
S:\ – Shared Storage
11) Start Cluster Node B and assign the same drive letters to the same disks.
12) Configure a new cluster using the Cluster Administrator in Windows. Start -> Administrative Tools -> Cluster Administrator.
13) Now you virtual machine readyÂ forÂ cluster aware software installation, such as MS Exchange or SQL Server.